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Antimony products international share how to protect our country?

Release date:2016/11/9 10:20:35

Antimony products international share how to protect our country?
0 comments 13:30:00 2016-11-07 source: international business
Years, antimony, as a kind of non-renewable scarce resources, has been listed as the protective mining minerals in China.Although China is the world's great powers of antimony resources, and the world's first production, exports, but years of over-exploitation reduce antimony ore resources in China are increasingly, backup reserves decrease, reflected in the import and export trade, export gradually reduce, import the trend of increasing.
Excessive exploitation of reserves
According to the U.S. geological survey (USGS) released the latest data, in 2015 the global antimony reserves of 1.8 million tons (metal), in which China has reached 950000 tons, antimony reserves accounted for 52.8% of global reserves, China's antimony reserves is the first in the world.Among the five powers of antimony resources, Bolivia, tajikistan and Russia, South Africa, respectively 19.4%, 17.2%, 2.8% and 17.2% of global reserves.(see table 1)
Compared with other resource-rich countries, China's antimony deposit more, not only the size, and high quality, the mineral composition is simple, easy easy, easy, therefore, over the years, antimony has always been the advantage of mineral in China。But today, we can see a grim reality, after the nineties of the last century and the early 21st century of large-scale mining, China antimony resources safeguard level is declining.According to the USGS static reserve-production ratio is obtained by using the reserve/production, in 2013 China static reservoir production than that of antimony resources reserves out of the ground duration of only 7.3 years, below the world average (11 years), is far less than 53.8 years, Bolivia in Russia in 62.At present, China's largest antimony resources in hunan province fixed number of year of the static security has been less than 6 years, resources situation is grim。
At the same time, China's antimony and antimony products production and production capacity continues to increase.In the early 1990 s, with China's antimony production of 60000 tons, the mid - 90 will rise to 90 tons, in the late 90 s the international prices fell sharply, antimony production in our country has come down, but after 2000 and quickly rose to more than 100000 tons, the highest reached 180000 tons in 2008。On antimony ore mining in recent years, because of the country's total amount control management, antimony production in China is between 120000 ~ 150000 tons.In the next 3 to 5 years, China will reduce the number of antimony, estimate will remain at 100000 ~ 120000 tons。(see table 2)
Decline in exports into the channel
For a long time, because domestic consumption of antimony is less, our country most of antimony and antimony products for export, China's antimony exports accounted for about 50% of the total global supply.
Over the past 15 years, the antimony exports had two cyclical changes.From 2001 to 2005, due to the global economic recovery, high demand, antimony exports increased year by year in China, from 61000 tons to 85000 tons。From 2006 to 2009, because of the domestic policy tightening, cancel the export tax rebates, levying export tariffs, the export quota management, coupled with the impact of the international financial crisis, exports began to decline year by year, down from 85000 tons to 85000 tons。From 2010 to 2012, with the national economic stimulus plan and success, stabilization and slow recovery of world economy, global antimony consumption gradually increased, and return to China's antimony exports of 50000 tons.Since 2013, antimony exports drops into the second round of the channel, from 50000 tons to 30000 tons, 2015 national antimony and antimony products exports of 36000 tons.
From export destination, at present China antimony and antimony products mainly flow to the United States, Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong, China, India, South Korea, these countries and regions of antimony in China accounted for 32。8% of total exports, 17。1%, 13。9%, 7。8%, 5。8% and 4。3%。Among them, the United States since 2009 has always been China's largest export market, accounting for about me about a third of the total export.Japan before 2009 is the largest export market in our country, then make up about 30% of China's total exports, has from 23800 tons in 2005 to 5000 tons.China's exports to the eu also assumes the declining trend in recent years, exports to the eu in 2015 had less than one over ten of the 2005, export growth is faster in recent years, the market is mainly Taiwan and India.
Antimony from export structure, China's export products are mainly antimony oxide and antimony ingot antimony (not forged), are the raw product, the two products make up about 98% of China's antimony exports.Among them, the exports of antimony oxide is the largest, and the proportion in the total export in recent years shows ascendant trend, has increased to 87% from 64% in 2005, exports of 31344 tons in 2015;

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